When you find a source that you would like to use in your research paper, go through these steps to create an entry in your annotated bibliography.

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Sep 19, 2022


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Annotated Bibliography Submission
Section 1 of 1
The student will complete and submit the annotated bibliography for his or her research paper.
Continue to work on your Annotated Bibliography. The finished bibliography is due today.
For your convenience, the assignment instructions have been copied below.
Review: Assignment Details
For this research paper, you are required to include all 6 of your sources in the annotated bibliography. Each entry in your annotated bibliography must contain 3 things:
The Works Cited entry (MLA 8 formatting)
A summary/paraphrase of the source (3–4 sentences minimum)
2 direct quotations + their page numbers
When you find a source that you would like to use in your research paper, go through these steps to create an entry in your annotated bibliography. This may be very new to you, but don’t worry. If you follow these steps carefully, you will do well.
1. Works Cited Entry
In order to create the Works Cited entries for your annotated bibliography (and your works cited page, later on), you will need to follow MLA citation standards.
If you need to review MLA 8 requirements, use the previous lesson and the document below. It demonstrates what information you will need for each type of source as well as what order that information must be in.
Works Cited Guide
Click here to download a reference for citing sources on your Works Cited.
Pay careful attention to the punctuation and the order of information in the entries. Correct MLA citations are a great way to ensure you don’t get points taken off your paper.
Don’t worry if you can’t find the information you need for your entry right away. The source information is all there if you look carefully. For example, once you’ve chosen an article on ProQuest, click the tab “Abstract/Details” for a full list of every piece of information you’ll need to create the works cited entry:
details tab.JPG
2. Summary or Paraphrase
The second part of the annotated bibliography entry, the summary or paraphrase, will take you a little more time to create. First, read through your source carefully, taking notes as you go. Write the summary or paraphrase as soon as you’re done reading, while the source’s content is still fresh in your mind. Your summary or paraphrase should contain a minimum of 3–4 sentences for each source.
Remember, a summary does not need to include every little detail from the source, just the main points. That way, when you look back at your annotated bibliography you can remember which source had which main ideas.
Write a paraphrase if you wish to document a specific point or idea in the work rather than its entire span of thoughts. Include page numbers for the portion of the work you are paraphrasing.
It is very important that you represent each source accurately! The source is someone else’s work, and to misrepresent it by claiming the author said/meant things that they did not would be unethical.
3. Direct Quotations
Finally, you will include at least 2 direct quotations from the source in your annotated bibliography entry. They should be quotations that you may want to use in your research paper later on. They should also be quotations that put an author’s idea into words better than you can.
Make sure to include a page number after each direct quotation!
Important Tip: You should choose only direct quotations that are particularly effective in structure and meaningful to your argument. If the syntax of a sentence is powerful and you cannot easily paraphrase it, then you need a direct quotation. But if you are referring only to the idea—rather than specific words, details, or statistics—then you don’t want to use a direct quote. Use a summary to incorporate a big idea and a paraphrase to incorporate a specific idea or example.
Consider these examples from speeches made by John F. Kennedy. The first comes from the speech he made in response to the Cuban Missile Crisis:
“The characteristics of these new missile sites indicate two distinct types of installations. Several of them include medium range ballistic missiles capable of carrying a nuclear warhead for a distance of more than 1,000 nautical miles. Each of these missiles, in short, is capable of striking Washington, D.C., the Panama Canal, Cape Canaveral, Mexico City, or any other city in the southeastern part of the United States, in Central America, or in the Caribbean area.”
The second comes from his Inaugural Address:
“And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.”
Which of the above quotations from Kennedy would make a good direct quotation in your paper? Which one would be better summarized or paraphrased?
If you chose the second quotation for the direct quotation, great work! The quotation from his speech on the Cuban Missile Crisis contains important historical information, but neither the structure of the sentences nor the content requires a direct quotation. The information would be better summarized or paraphrased.
When you choose direct quotations to include in your Annotated Bibliography, choose deliberately.
Each one of your final entries should look something like this:
LAN0900 Annotated Bib Entry.JPG


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